Canadian American Strategic Review



CCV Project



CCV Project

Background — Close Combat Vehicle — CV90 Series: CV9035 Origins

Update – On 20 Dec 2013, one business day before bids lapsed, the CDS announced the cancellation of the Close Combat Vehicle Project.

The CV9035 MkIII originated with Hägglunds (now part of BAE) as an IFV for Sweden. [1] The original CV9040s were armed  with Bofors 40mm main guns. This 40mm L/70 gun, an AFV version of the Bofors AA gun of  WWII, was of  little interest  to foreign armies so this first CV90 MkI [2] was re-gunned for greater export  potential. The original Swedish plan was for a mix of  CV9040s and CV9025s but  this fell through. The latter was armed with the same 25 mm Bushmaster gun as on CF LAVs.[3]  Due to lack of  interest, the CV9025 has since been abandoned.

Swedish Quality  – "... Not  for the rich  but  for the wise"
The CV9040 is an impressive, well-engineered vehicle now proven in service. But  potential export customers rejected the Bofors 40mmL/70s.  Instead, fast-firing 30mm gun were chosen by  Norway,  Finland, and  Switzerland. BAE refers to these as  CV90 Mk IIs. [4] The improved  CV9035 Mk III has a 35mm gun but also noticeable is a raised roof  for the rear compartment. Not obvious are digital electronic archi- tecture or options for an automatic defensive aid suite. As weight has risen, so too has engine power requirements. A CV9040A had a 446 kW Scania DS14, the CV9035 a 600 kW diesel. The power difference becomes critical when add-on armour is applied.

Improving the CV90  Breed  with Composite Armour Kits  –  Ingenting är omöjligt
IBD Deisenroth and  Rafael produce add- on armour kits for the CV90 series (which are now options on production vehicles. The Norwegian  CV9030 NO, for example, features permanent IBD MEXAS ceramic armour [5] but IBD offered its AMAP-SC panels for CV90s  in 2004 and  AMAP-M now protects the CV9030S from mines.[6]

 BAE Hägglunds CV9030 Specifications ( compare with CV9035 )
 Crew:   3  (driver, gunner, vehicle cdr.) plus 8 dismounts
  main gun: 30mm Bushmaster II cannon (for CV9030
  NO, other CV9030s have 30mm/40mm Bushmaster II
  Mk 44, Bofors 40mm L/70, etc.), 1 x coaxial  7.62 mm)
 Size:   Length 6.55m,  width 3.2m,  height 2.8 m  (varies)
 Weight:   Max weight: 28,000 kg, minimum weight: 24,000 kg
 Powerplant:   446 kW  Scania DS14 diesel, Perkins X 300-5N auto
 Performance:   Forward: 70km/h, reverse: 43 km/h,  range  600 + km

The CV90 has spawned a family of  specialist variants. Although not  part of  the CCV requirement, the CV90 family includes an anti-aircraft system, an twin 120mm AMOS mortar carrier, and two big-gun 'light tanks'.[7] Then there's the usual range of  specialty types (FOV, CP, ARV, etc.). Thus, existing  CV90 speciality models would provide a basis for CF vehicles should  CCV be broadened.  Considerable growth potential remains in the type as well  [8] which, perhaps, should've played more of a role in DND planning for CCV. Time will tell.

Also see:  a  CV90 Technology Demonstrator for the British CCV equivalent, the Future Rapid Effect System-Specialist Vehicle (FRES SV).

[1] In Swedish service, these vehicles are designated Strf 9040 (Stridsfordon 9040). Other Swedish variants are Stripbv 90 (Stridslednings- pansarbandvagn 90), a CP with a dummy main gun, Epbv 90 (Eldledningspansarbandvagn 90 )  fire control vehicle, Bgbv 90 (Bärgnings- bandvagn 90) recovery vehicle, and Lvkv 90 (Luftvärnskanonvagn 9040), an air defence vehicle with 40mm, Thales radar, and fire control.
[2] Outside of the Swedish military, the first vehicles are universally called  CV9040s.  BAE prefers to assign Mark numbers for marketing.
[3] M242s arm both LAV III and Coyotes. Alternative armament  for the CV9025 was the Mauser E  firing the same 25x137 mm ammunition.
[4] This may be over-simplifying things. BAE Hägglunds actually regards the early CV9030NO as a CV90 Mk I. The later types are Mk IIs.
[5] IBD Deisenroth Engineering's MEXAS add-on panels were much like the panels on uparmoured CF Leopard C2s and deployed LAVs.
[6] AMAP (Advanced Modular Armour Protection) panels are tailored for specific threats. AMAP-SC is specifically meant for projectiles, AMAP-M defeats mine blast by absorbing much of the explosion energy. As its name suggests, AMAP consists of replaceable modules.
[7] The trendy term 'light tank'can be ignored. These big-gun vehicles – the CV90105 with 105mm Giat gun and  the CV90120 with RUAG's high-velocity 120CTG L/50 – are better regarded as IFV based direct fire support vehicles. Then their true potential value can be assessed.
[8] New CV90 variants not submitted for CCV include the version with 40mm CTWS telescoped-cased gun for a British IFV (the FRES SV); and the modular CV90 Armadillo demonstrator whose RWS-armament may allow it to carry greater protective armour without more power.