A Visual Guide
Canadian Forces – Search and Rescue
Aircraft – A Visual Guide|
DHC's Buffalo originated as a turboprop follow-on to the Caribou short take-off and
landing transports. The CF operated CC-115s briefly as tactical transports before all remaining Buffalo were
transferred to the BC coast for use by 442 Sqn as SAR aircraft. The CC-115 suit West Coast SAR better than larger
aircraft but make no use of STOL.
Model: DeHavilland Canada DHC-5A Buffalo,
Dimensions: span 29.2m, length 24m, Height 8.76m, Wing Area 87.7m2, Powerplant(s): 2 x
GE CT64-820-3, 2106 kW (T/O).
CC-138 Twin Otter
Another DHC STOL aircraft, the four remaining Twotters serve primarily in the utility
transport role – despite their markings, search-and-rescue is a secondary role (a yellow and red paint scheme
stands out well in the Arctic). The 4 CC-138s are all based at Yellowknife, flying with 440 Sqn. In Feb. 2005, a
"light utility" replacement was budgeted, but nothing more was heard.
DeHavilland Canada DHC-6-300 Twin Otter, Dimensions: span 19.8m, length 15.1m, Height
5.66m, Wing Area 39m2, Powerplant(s): 2 x P&WC PT6A-27, 507 kW.
Canada ordered 15 CH-149 Cormorant SAR helicopters in 2000, the first entering CF
service in 2001. Although of impressive performance and capabilities, the CH-149 has been plagued with
servicability problems (fuel leaks and mechanical). One Cormorant, '914, was lost in a fatal crash in
July 2006 but investigators lean toward human causes.
Model: EH Industries EH101
(AgustaWestland AW520 model ), Dimensions: rotor span 18.5m, length 22.8m, Powerplant(s): 3
x GE T700/T6A1, 1775 kW max. (sea level ).
CC-130E /H Hercules
The Lockheed Hercules has been routinely used for SAR (both as primary and backup search aircraft). Wear on
the aging Herc fleet prompted a Fixed-Wing SAR Project
– currently on hold – which was also intended to provide a replacement for 19
Wing's remaining 6 CC-115 Buffalo.
Lockheed Models L-382 / L-382B, Dimensions: span 40.41m, length 29.79m, Powerplant(s): 4 x Allison
501-D22 (T56-A-7B) / Allison (RR) 501-D22A (T56-A-15).